Ban Ki-Moon was born June 13, 1944, he was Leader of the Secretary-General of the Eighth United Nations, after succeeding Kofi Annan in 2007. Before becoming Secretary-General, Ban was a diplomat in South Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a career at the United Nations. He entered diplomatic service the year he graduated from university, accepting the first job in New Delhi, India.
On October 13, 2006, Ban Ki-moon was elected as the eighth Secretary-General by the General Assembly of the United Nations. On January 1, 2007, he continued his success Annan, and led several major reforms of peacekeeping.
Some form of diplomacy is done he is, Ban gave the strong views on Darfur, where he was diplomacy with Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir to allow peacekeeping troops to enter Sudan; issue of global warming, pressing the issue with former U.S. President George W. Bush.
Ban ki-moon born in Eumseong in a small farming village in North Chungcheong, in 1944. His family moved to the nearby town of Chungju, where he grew up. Ban childhood, his father had a business pergudang, but pergudang bankrupt and the family lost its main income sufficient to continue life. When Ban was six, his family fled to a remote mountain during the Korean War. After the war ended, his family returned to Chungju.
In secondary school (Chungju High School), Ban Ki-moon a star pupil, particularly in the study of English. According to local stories, Ban every day to walk 6 miles (9.7 km) to the fertilizer plant to practice English with advisors from American factories. In 1952, he was selected by the school to menulias message to UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjöld, but he never knows whether the message was sent to or not. In 1962, Ban won an essay contest sponsored by the Red Cross and was educated to the United States where he lived in San Francisco with a host family for several months. As part of the education, Ban met U.S. President John F. Kennedy. When a journalist asked Ban what he wanted when he grew up, he said, "I want to be a diplomat."
Ban ki-moon receives B.A. in International Relations from Seoul National University in 1970, and earned a Master of Public Administration from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University in 1985. At Harvard, he studied at the Joseph Nye. Ban was awarded the degree of Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa) by the University of Malta on 22 April 2009. He further received an honorary Doctor of Laws from the University of Washington in October 2009. Besides he can speak Korean, Ban can speak in English, French, German, and Japanese.
In February 2006, Ban Ki-moon declared his candidacy to replace Kofi Annan as UN Secretary-General at the end of 2006. Though Ban was the first to announce his candidacy, he was not originally considered a serious contender sebagau.
During the period in which these polls take place, Ban made the keynote address to the Asia Society and the Council on Foreign Relations in New York. To be confirmed, Ban needed not only to win the support of the diplomatic community, but also to be able to avoid a veto from any of the five permanent members of the council: People's Republic of China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, and the United States. Tires are very popular in Washington for having pushed to send South Korean troops to Iraq. But Ban also opposed several U.S. positions: he expressed his support for the International Criminal Court and fully support non-confrontational approach to dealing with North Korea. Ban said during the campaign that he would like to visit North Korea in person and met with Kim Jong-il directly. Ban is seen as a contrast from Kofi Annan, who is considered as charismatic, yet regarded as a weak manager because of problems surrounding the UN oil-for-food program in Iraq.
Ban Ki-moon also struggled to win the approval of France. Official biography states that he speaks both English and French, the two working languages of the UN Secretariat. He has repeatedly tried to answer questions in French from journalists. Ban acknowledged limitations repeatedly in French, but assured French diplomats that he intended to continue his studies.
At the end of an informal poll on 2 October, Ban Ki-moon received a good fourteen votes and one abstention from the fifteen members of the Security Council .. After the vote, Shashi Tharoor, who finished second, pulling his candidacy and China's Permanent Representative to the UN told reporters that "it is quite clear from today's poll that Minister Ban Ki-moon is the candidate the Security Council will recommend to the General Assembly."
On 9 October, the Security Council formally chose Ban as a candidate. In the public vote, he was supported by all 15 council members. On October 13, the 192-member General Assembly appoint Ban as Secretary-General.
Ban Ki-moon met Yoo Soon-Taek in 1962 while in high school. Ban was 18 years old, and Yoo Soon-Taek was student council president in high school. Ban Ki-moon married Yoo Soon-Taek in 1971. They have three adult children: two daughters and a son. His oldest daughter, Seon-yong (born 1972), works for the Korea Foundation in Seoul. His son, Woo-hyun (born 1974) received his MBA from the Anderson School of Management at the University of California, Los Angeles, and worked for an investment firm in New York. His youngest daughter, Hyun-hee (born 1976), is a field officer for UNICEF in Nairobi, Kenya. After his election as Secretary-General, Ban became an icon in his hometown, where the family still lives. More than 50,000 gathered in a soccer stadium in Chungju for celebration of this result.