Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (December 15, 1832 - December 27, 1923; French pronunciation / EfEl / in X-SAMPA, in English often pronounced / ajfEl /) was a French engineer and entrepreneur, specialist of metallic structures.
Born in Dijon, Côte-d'Or, France, he is most famous for building the Eiffel Tower, built 1887-1889 for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, France. It is less well known that he designed the armature for the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor, United States. He gained his expertise in construction with an iron design for the bridge.
Gustave Eiffel also designed La Ruche in Paris, which will be like the Eiffel Tower, a landmark of the city. A three-storey circular structure that looks more like a large beehive, it was created as a temporary structure for use as a wine rotunda at the Great Exposition of 1900.
Eiffel's reputation suffered a severe setback when he was implicated in a financial scandal round Ferdinand de Lesseps and the entrepreneurs backing the failed French Panama Canal project. Eiffel himself had no connection with the finances, and his guilty judgment was later reversed.
In later years Eiffel began to study aerodynamics
Eiffel died on December 27, 1923 at his mansion on Rue Rabelais in Paris and was interred in the Cimetière de Levallois-Perret, Paris. In English, the family name most often spoken in the German fashion, not in the French fashion.
statue of Liberty