Joseph Lister who introduced the use of antiseptics in surgery was born in 1827 in Upton, England. In 1852 he achieved his medical degree from University College London as a brilliant student. In 1861 he became a surgeon at Glasgow Royal Hospital, a position he held for eight years. Especially in this time period he developed his antiseptic methods in surgery. Lister hospital's burden of operation in the new block barracks. Here he was surprised by the high mortality rate. Serious infections such as paralysis of limbs part due to lack of blood supply is a common occurrence after surgery.
Lister tried to keep the barracks always be clean, but not much help anyway. The mortality rate remains high. Many doctors consider unhealthy air vapor coming out of the ground "miasmas" (noxious vapors) that were around the house becomes ill the cause. This opinion is not satisfactory Lister.
Then, in 1865, he read the news that Louis Pasteur introduced the germ theory of disease. Lister presents the key new ideas. If true disease due to germs, the best prevention against infection is to kill bacteria before reaching the open wound. By using "Carbolik acid" as a germ killer, Lister thus have a new pattern of antiseptic methods.
He not only cleanse your hands carefully before facing surgery, but also to observe the following equipment used clothes to be entirely clean. She really squirts "carbolik acid" deterrent pungent antiseptic into the air in the operating room. The results are amazing, mortality decreased. Between the years 1861-1865, the average death rate in men 45%, while in 1869 before shrinking to 15% only.
The first working paper Lister happenings antiseptics in surgery was published in 1867. The idea is not just quickly accepted. But in 1869 he was offered a position as Head of Clinical Surgery University of Edinburgh, and for seven years worked there his fame spread. In 1875 he toured Germany lecturing on ideas and methods, and the following year, with the same intention he toured in the United States. But most of the doctors there have not been convinced. Meanwhile, in 1877 he was offered the position of the Head of Surgery at the Royal College in London pegangnya for over fifteen years. Demonstration of antiseptic surgery in London invited a lot of attention to the world of medicine and the examination of the idea became more widespread. At the end of his life, the fundamental principles of antiseptic surgery arguably been accepted by almost all physicians.
Lister received various awards for his pioneering results. He became chairman of the "Royal Society" for five years, a respectable position. And no less important, he became personal surgeon queen. He was married, but no kids stuff nobody. He breathed his final at Walmer, England.
Lister discovery fundamentally no doubt have revolutionized the field of surgery and has saved the anxiety as the result of infection occurred in the past century. Furthermore, surgery is now able to cope with a complex work that will never happen in the past. For example, a century ago concerning the operation of the chest cavities never imagined. Beyond the reach of thought. Although antiseptic surgical techniques are now different in the days of Lister, but the basic ideas are similar and none other than the expansion of Lister principle alone.
The first anti-septic tube
One could claim that Lister very clear idea what was done in conjunction with the fact that Pasteur Lister did not have extraordinary significance. However, it was clear, the writings of Pasteur has developed and popularized the. Similarly, income Pasteur and Lister both names in this book does not mean there has been a similar finding by two different people. Pemraktekan theory of disease caused by germs is something that is very important so that even though the award was divided, yet Pasteur, Leeuwenhoek, Fleming and Lister will be fully included in the list.
There can be no objection Lister placing so high in the order of the list this book. Nearly twenty years before Lister worked on the job, doctor, Ignaz Semmelweiss Hungarian nationals (1818-1865) working in Vienna General Hospital has clearly demonstrated the benefits derived antiseptic procedures, either for surgery or obstetrics. However, despite being a professor and write Semmelweiss wonderful book contains ideas, but overall he is not considered people. Joseph Listerlah whose writings, his speeches and peragaannya really convince the medical world about the importance of antiseptics in the practice of medicine.