Biography of Mabutu Sese Seko

PERSONAL
  • Full Name: Mabutu Sese Seko
  • Profession: President of the Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Religion: Catholic
  • Place of Birth: Lisala, Belgian Congo
  • Date of Birth: Tuesday, October 14th, 1930
  • Zodiac: Balance
BIOGRAPHY
Mobutu Sese Seko Nkuku wa Za Banga Ngbendu, better known as Mobutu or Mobutu Sese Seko was the President of the Democratic Republic of Congo, who served from 1965-1997. During his tenure, Mobutu, who took the anti-communist position, forming an authoritative government, amassed a personal fortune abundant, and strive to eliminate the influence of colonial culture in the Congo.

Mabutu Sese Seko
Born on October 14, 1930 in Lisala, Belgian Congo, Mobutu attended the Christian Brothers School, a Catholic mission boarding school. Mobutu get good value, dominating the sport, and led the school newspaper. But in 1949, Mobutu was sent to the Force Publique (FP), the army of the Belgian Congo, to be trained as soldiers as a form of punishment after having run away from school for a few weeks.

Life brings discipline to Mobutu's army. He satisfies the desire of learning by borrowing European papers of officers Belgium and books from anywhere, for then he read while on guard duty and in his spare time. Posts favorite comes from the ideas of French President Charles de Gaulle, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and the Italian philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli.

After graduating accounting course, Mobutu menyeriusi journalism. As Mobutu soldiers into contemporary political writer under the pseudonym for africaines Actunigalites magazine. He quit the army in 1956 to become a full-time journalist for L'Avernir, Leopoldville town newspaper. This job membuatanya Congo met many young people who oppose the colonial government regulations. He became familiar with Patrice Lumumba until eventually became his personal secretary. After being granted independence on June 30, 1960, formed a coalition government led by Lumumba as prime minister and Joseph Kasa-Vubu as president. Lumumba raised Mobutu as Chairman of the Staff of the Congolese army.

Belgian government's intention to maintain their access to the mines of the Congo made a riot broke out in the southern part of the Congo. Lumumba was not sure of the UN troops can help suppress the unrest so he asked for help on the Soviet Union. Kasa-Vubu are not happy with the arrival of Soviet troops fired Lumumba. Lumumba enraged dismiss Kasa-Vubu. They both ordered Mobutu to hold others. On September 14, 1960, Mobutu staged a coup. The new regime put Lumumba under house arrest and maintain Kasa-Vubu as president. Kasa-Vubu promoting Mobutu as Mayo General on January 23, 1961.
On November 25, 1965, General Mobutu staged a coup for the second time when returning a power struggle between Kasa-Vubu with Prime Minister Moise Tshombe. Under the name of emergency rule, Mobutu took over absolute power. Parliament abolished, reduced the number of provinces and their autonomy is restricted so as to create a highly centralized state.

In 1967 the party stood the Popular Revolutionary Movement (MPR), which until 1990 to be the only political party in the Congo. Membership is mandatory for all citizens. MPR has the doctrine of nationalism, revolution and authenticity. Born with the name Joseph-Desire Mobutu, Mobutu renamed himself Mobutu Sese Seko Nkuku Wa Za Banga Ngbendu which means "mighty warrior who because of the strength and desire to win, win conquered by-conquered, leaving fire in his wake"

In the beginning reign, Mobutu had consolidated the power to punish political opponents in public. For example, when hanged former Prime Minister Evariste Kimba on charges of plotting a coup in the presence of 50,000 new penonton.Mobutu then changed tactics under the adage "Keep your friends close and your enemies always closer" to be kind to his political opponents. Another tactic Mobutu including detaining and sometimes torturing members of the government for later pardoned and given a higher position.

Wealth Mobutu in 1984 was estimated at US $ 5 billion, roughly equivalent to the amount of foreign debt Zaire at the time. He has a company car brand Mercedes-Benz that he used to drive from one palace to another, while Zaire very bad road conditions and most of its citizens starve. Mobutu sometimes charter a plane from airline Air France Concorde for personal purposes such as shopping to Paris for him and his family.

Infrastructure collapse, and many civil servants are not paid for months while the money circulating in the pockets of Mobutu, his family, and top politicians and military leaders. Only the Special Presidential Division, which maintain safety, which are paid fairly regular basis. The sad but appropriate phrase for this condition is that the public servant pretending to work while the state pretended to pay them. Mobutu government was overthrown in 1997 by Tutsi rebels. State Zaire back on behalf of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Mobutu government earned a reputation as one example of the cultural world kleptocracy and nepotism. Mobutu Sese Seko died on 7 September 1997 at the age of 66 in Rabat, Morocco.